is the industrial area of Accra. There are many factories located in Tema
one of which is the cocoa processing one. It is specialized in cocoa processing
: they transform cocoa beans into finished products or semi-finished ones.
Cocoa is Ghana's most important commercial crop providing nearly 50% of
the export earnings. The maximum production of cocoa is located in the
centre of the country : Kumasi, Sunyani.
In Ghana, cocoa is
the most important commercial crop, nonetheless since 1960, the cocoa
production has declined , it was around 300 thousand tons in 1991. It
is due to many reasons, the poor transport facilities among many. Other
commercial crops are coconuts, groundnuts, palm-oil and bananas.They amount
respectively to 225, 200, 7 and 3 thousand tons in 1981.
When we arrived at
the Tema chocolate factory a man came and gave every girl a cap and an
overall. He explained that we had to put on those things because of the
sanitation rules in the factory. Then we went to visit the first part
of the factory.
The factory buys
raw cocoa beans. They are stocked on platforms. The beans are grilled
in order to facilitate shell removal. The winnow machine (pour vanner
les grains) helps in this process. They press cocoa to get the oil, it
is put in cisterns and finally it is heated. They produce cocoa butter,
cocoa liquor, cocoa cake and cocoa powder.
products are taken to the finished product factory. There they overturn
the cocoa powder in a cylinder and they mix it with sugar and milk powder.
Then this mixture goes through pipes and reaches the room where they pack
it to do chocolate like "Nesquick" or sweets like "Smarties" or chocolate
To my mind the sanitation
of the factory is quite bad. We arrived in the second part and we saw
the machine which transformed the chocolate into powdered chocolate, it
was put in bags and in some of them the chocolate escaped because they
were not closed correctly. In a third room we saw the packing of the powdered
chocolate in plastic boxes, it was semi-automatic because the chocolate
fell in a plastic box but there was a man who closed it. Pascale Prudent
Despite all these drawbacks the visit was very interesting and I think
all pupils liked chocolate so they liked the visit.